In Search for Work: India to Middle East to the United States

It is fair to say that international migration of Indians, especially working class Indians, is necessitated by the policies adopted by the Indian government in this neo-liberal era. Most of such migrant workers are vulnerable to untold exploitation by their employers in foreign countries. They often work like slaves to fulfill their commitments to families and society. Earlier workers migrated mostly to the Middle East and other developed Asian countries.

In a country like India, with high unemployment and poverty, remittances of Indian workers working abroad play a very important role. The Indian economy benefits greatly from the foreign exchange sent home by the Non-Resident Indians – in fact, remittances are second to Foreign Direct Investment in terms of revenue.

Only recently, Indian skilled working class people have started going to the US. Along with the change in destination has come a greater hope for prosperity from working in one of the richest countries.

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Prescription for an Unhealthy India Private Corporate Healthcare and Its Empty Promises

Private health care in India has been growing at an unprecedented rate propelled by globalisation and its impact on the political economy of health. This privatisation in health care has led to the emergence of corporate hospitals and an intricate network of health enterprises. The costs of healthcare in these private hospitals, particularly their burden on low-income households in India has been much discussed among health and development practitioners.

However, apart from the issue of cost, there remain other issues that continue to be unaddressed. These pertain to the impacts of the rise of these hospitals in the context of India’s changing neo-liberal environment. They are particularly visible through the dynamics of employee welfare and patient care within the hospitals, the reality of claims made by the hospital management, accessibility and affordability issues in health in these hospitals and through regional satellite centres and clinics, the quality of hospital processes and accreditation, and the impact of this health care system on the unmet burden of disease.

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India’s Healthcare in a Globalised World: Healthcare Workers’ and Patients’ Views of Delhi’s Public Health Services

In India, indeed around the world, governments are increasingly abdicating their responsibilities towards their peoples and cutting back on basic services that citizens should be entitled to from their governments. Health, education, sanitation, water, and electricity are becoming profit making ventures rather than government services.

The healthcare industry is the world’s largest industry with global revenues of an estimated 2.8 trillion USD. India is expected to become a major player due to its high population, cheap labour, and skilled workforce. Yet, with India’s insignificant coverage of social health insurance coupled with declining public expenditure and growing corporatization, household healthcare spending has skyrocketed over the years. India is notorious as a developing economy where household out-of-pocket spending is extremely high. Two of the main reasons for untreated ailments are lack of facilities and the runaway cost of private health care.

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Death and Ensuing violence at the Grand Arch Project of IREO Private Limited at Gurgaon on 23rd March, 2012

A construction worker, named Babul Hassan, died at the Grand Arch project of IREO Pvt Limited on 23rd March 2012 after falling from the sixth floor, while on duty. There was reported violence at the construction site after the death of Hassan, where workers allegedly burnt vehicles. There was Police action against the workers which left an unknown number of workers dead and missing and several others injured. The Police also arrested around 60 workers by the evening of 24th April 2012. The workers have been alleging negligence in the hands of the labour contractors and also officials of L&T Pvt Ltd and Alufit. The FIR was filed at the Badshahpur Police Station by Mehdi Hassan (Babul Hassan’s brother) against the construction company for its negligence. There has been inspection by the Gurgaon labour department and safety and health department after the tragic death. The company has promised compensation to the family of the diseased.

IREO private limited, is one of the largest Private Equity Fund in India, which deals with the real estate sector. It has a backing of global blue chip investors and financial institutions. The Grand Arc is one of the projects of IREO to built-up residential complex. It is situated at the junction of Golf-course Road at sector 58 of Gurgaon. It is spread over 20 acres. IREO proposes that the Grand Arch will offer its resident’s access to NH-8, Delhi Metro and fast exiting routes to Delhi and NCR.

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